Trap-Neuter-Vaccinate-Return (TNvR) improves cats’ lives. With TNvR, cats are humanely trapped and taken to a veterinarian to be spayed or neutered, vaccinated, and ear tipped (the universal symbol of a neutered and vaccinated cat). Healthy feral cats are then returned to their outdoor home. Unlike the failed, costly, and cruel catch and kill approach, TNvR is effective because it stabilizes the population, improves the cats’ health, and ends behaviors associated with mating – like yowling, roaming, and fighting. TNvR is practiced in communities all across the U.S. and endorsed by national animal protection organizations.